When we think of modern security cameras, feature-rich IP cameras jump to mind.
But IP cameras actually emerged relatively recently out of the hundred-year history of security cameras, and it wasn’t until the late 1970s that they became more common in business places.
The history of surveillance cameras takes us across the world, from Soviet Russia to Queens, New York.
Read on to discover how security cameras went from a military classified technology to a mainstay of our homes and workplaces.
When did security cameras get invented?
One of the earliest security camera systems was invented by León Theremin back in 1926. But the security cameras we have today have come a long way since then. Here’s the story of how security cameras became what they are today.
It was shown to Joseph Stalin before being classified by the army, but it was never put to use. Theremin went on to gain greater fame for his pioneering efforts in electronic music.
By 1948, the commercial viability of CCTV was beginning to be explored by contractors elsewhere, namely in America, but it would be several decades before the idea was adopted by homeowners and business owners.
Working as a nurse, she created the system purely for her and her husband’s own use at home in Queens, where crime rates were particularly high.
What motivated its creation was to increase a sense of safety when left alone at home, since the couple both worked irregular hours.
The Axis Neteye 200 was a fairly primitive IP camera model that wasn’t capable of real-time streaming. Nonetheless, it paved the way for future innovations that worked via the internet, which came sooner rather than later.
Since then, IP security cameras have massively increased in popularity.
Compared with conventional CCTV, they boast internet-enabled features that greatly increase the efficiency and overall usefulness of surveillance, like push notifications, motion detection, and live feed streaming.
Perhaps the most obvious difference between the early models and what’s available now is the availability of cloud storage. This makes keeping and accessing footage much more efficient than physical storage.
The rise of the smartphone came hand-in-hand with great IoT innovations.
With over 70 million downloads, it’s clear that access to security cameras, and the use of them in homes, has increased markedly over the last decade.
No longer is security something reserved for governments, militaries, and the wealthiest members of society. In many ways, this increase in accessibility builds upon the enduring legacy of home security pioneers like Marie Van Bitten Brown.
The Popularity of Security Cameras
The popularity of security cameras is also likely a result of the push to encourage technology use in the home by some of the world’s biggest firms, like Google and Amazon.
The Future’s Bright
Its compound annual growth rate until 2030 is an impressive 19.8%, meaning the smart home security camera market is projected to be worth about $12.74 billion by the end of the decade.
That’s more than ten times the size it was at the beginning.
Undoubtedly, it’s a highly lucrative market, and the projections point to smart home security cameras as the most important aspect of the security industry moving forward.
Perhaps the use of conventional CCTV in the home will be virtually unheard of in the near future. Watch this space.