[Advice on Burglary Prevention] Flats and apartments

[Advice on Burglary Prevention] Flats and apartments

5 advices for Burglary Prevention in Flats and apartments

It is essential that your home feels safe and secure. This section contains advice and tips to help you improve security within your flat or apartment.

Burglars will often target blocks of flats because they can easily gain access to them through a communal entrance, which may have poor access control. Once inside they will often go straight to the top floor flats first, as there is less likelihood of passers by seeing them whilst they break in.

So, if you own or manage a flat which is off a shared landing and not on the ground floor, remember that your front door is your only form of defence against intruders.

Flats
If your flat is on the second floor or above, you need to balance security with fire safety. That means you shouldn’t fit your front door with a lock that needs a key to open it from the inside. Choose one that complies with BS 5588/BS 8621, allowing you to release the lock and leave the flat with a single action. Add a letterbox cowl if required to prevent thieves tampering with the lock from outside.

Communal Doors
Care has to be taken when securing communal doors as the ability to escape in case of fire is vital. You should always be able to open the communal door (from inside) using a single keyless action. If you fit an automatic door closer, it should be of a good quality. Poor quality closers can fail to engage the lock. Locking mechanisms vary, depending on access control and door type

Tips

  • Invest in a strong door and door frame with good quality locks.
  • PVCu and aluminium doors generally have multi-locking systems. When you lock the door, remember to remove the key. Always put keys in a safe and easily accessible place in case of fire.
  • Internal letterbox shields also prevent access to the handle inside or keys being fished through the letterbox.
  • Frames should be reinforced with reinforcing metal strips called ‘London’ and ‘Birmingham’ bars.
    Hinge bolts should be fitted to outward opening doors.
  • Glass panels in doors should be replaced with laminated glass or reinforced with security film or grilles.
  • Door viewers enable residents to see callers before they open the door.
  • Wooden back doors should be solid timber, with a British Standard 5-lever mortice lock and two mortice rack bolts.
  • French, patio and balcony doors should have a minimum of three locking points. Patio doors should be fitted with an anti-lift device to prevent them being lifted from their runners.
  • All ground floor windows and any windows that are easily accessible must have key operated window locks.
  • Audible intruder alarm systems with flashing lights are a good deterrent against burglary.
  • Security lighting increases vision and makes burglars feel vulnerable and at risk of being seen.

Access into communal entrances

Doors without Electronic Access Control
Ideally the door should be fitted with a lock which has an automatic deadlocking facility, approximately a third of the way down from the top of the door. Additionally, a mortice deadlock latch should be installed a third of the way up from the bottom of the door and it should be used as often as is practicable. These locks must be suitable for emergency exit purposes, in that they must not require key release from within, opening being achieved by means of a handle or thumb turn. Where there is any conflict between security and fire requirements or legislation, the latter must prevail. In any case of doubt, seek the Fire Officer’s approval.

All doors must be fitted with an automatic closing mechanism, both properly adjusted and regularly maintained, to ensure that the door is secured at all times. Doors should never be left wedged open, as this not only negates any security within the building, but may also contravene any Fire Regulations.

Doors with Electronic Access Control
The remote release lock should be of a type that has an electrically operated bolt action with an automatic deadlocking facility, or is a magnetic type lock. It is imperative that the system has a safeguard incorporated, which ensures that the lock can be released in the event of a power failure.

Access Control Systems
It is preferable that at least one of the following security measures applies:

  • The door is secured at all times and visitors are permitted entry via a remote release facility which is linked to an audio-visual or at the very least an audio only entry-phone.
  • The door is secured at all times and visitors are met personally at the door.
  • The communal entrance is constantly monitored by a receptionist or concierge.
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Leaving your home

When you leave your home it’s important to ensure you leave it as secure as possible. Getting into an ‘exit routine’ can help ensure that you don’t forget obvious, but important things, like not leaving your valuables near windows. Here’s our quick reminder on what to do when you leave your home.

What to do before you leave your home:

  • Close and lock all your doors and windows, even if you are only going out for a few minutes.
    Set your burglar alarm.
  • Make sure the side and/or back gate is locked.
  • Lock your shed or garage.
  • Make sure that any valuables are not in sight.
  • Put keys out of reach of letterboxes.
  • In the evening, shut the curtains and leave some lights on.
  • Never leave car documents or ID in obvious places such as kitchens or hallways.
  • If you are going to be away for days or weeks at a time, you will need to take additional action, such as cancelling newspaper and milk deliveries.
  • Consider asking your neighbours to close curtains, or park on your drive.
  • Use a timer device to automatically turn lights and a radio on at night.
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Windows

All accessible windows must have key operated locks, unless they are being used as a fire escape. Key operated locks are essential. Window handles should be multi locking, with shoot bolts into the frame. Extra security can be added to externally beaded windows with security clips, security tape or sealant.

Louvre window panes must be secured to prevent them being removed, or consider replacing them with a solid glass panel.

If you replace windows, ensure that they have been tested to withstand attack and meet one of the following standards; PAS 24:2012, STS 204 or LPS 1175 SR1.

Tips

  • Remember to close and lock all your windows, even if you are only going out for a few minutes.
  • Consider using laminated glass in ground-floor and accessible windows such as those above a flat roof
  • Make sure windows are fitted with a good lock appropriate for the window type.
  • Avoid leaving valuables, house or car keys near windows.
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